A Simple Guide on How to Build Credit from Scratch
January 17, 2023
Establishing New Credit
Establishing new credit can be a bit intimidating for most people, especially for those who have no credit history or have limited credit history.
Having a good credit score can provide access to many financial opportunities, such as renting an apartment, taking out car loans or buying a house.
Building credit for the first time can be difficult, particularly if you have no credit history, or what is called “credit invisibility,” or thin credit, which means there’s not enough information to generate a score.
The goal of any credit strategy should be to create a strong credit record through mindful use of credit.
Establishing credit and creating a good credit score is a crucial step for anyone, whether they be just starting out as a student or someone with no prior experience in credit.
To build credit, you must learn the foundations of credit scoring, as well as the different resources available to you.
If you’re looking to build a good credit score, it’s important that you understand the basics of credit scoring first. Your credit score is an indicator of how likely you are to repay a loan on time.
To determine your credit score, a creditor will assess your credit report and evaluate it using a mathematical model.
Credit scores that are calculated using different models, like FICO and VantageScore, may be slightly different. Therefore, you need to consider the model that was used to determine your score.
This article will discuss various tactics to establish credit, including secured credit cards, credit-builder loans, co-signed cards or loans, and authorized user status.
We will provide advice on how to use credit responsibly, stay within budget, and pay bills on time, which are all important aspects of establishing and keeping good credit habits.
We will also cover ways to check and monitor your credit scores and reports, so you can stay on top of your credit.
Establishing credit might seem intimidating, but by using the appropriate resources and tactics, a secure financial future can be achieved.
Understanding Credit Scoring
Knowing your credit score is important when you are trying to establish new credit. It is a numerical gauge of how likely it is that you will repay a loan in full and on time.
A credit scoring agency will use your credit report information and an algorithmic model to generate your credit score.
Credit scores can differ depending on the credit-scoring model and company used, for example FICO and VantageScore. Hence, you may see diverse results with your score.
FICO, a widely accepted credit scoring model, ranges from 300 to 850. To be considered good, your score should be 700 or higher and for excellent results your score should exceed 800.
Have a high score to increase your chances of being approved for loans and secure better interest rates.
VantageScore, another common form of credit scoring, runs between 300 and 850. Different from FICO, VantageScore considers a wider range of information like utility and telecommunications bills to determine scores.
This also includes a historical credit analysis, which means analyzing how your credit score has fluctuated over time.
Another important factor to consider when understanding credit scoring is the role of credit reports.
Credit reports are an in-depth look at your financial background, covering details such as credit accounts, balances, payment history, and any negative marks like bankruptcies, foreclosures, or collections.
Your credit is tracked and reported by Equifax, Experian and TransUnion. You’d be wise to check your credit reports periodically to ensure that the content is accurate and current.
To check your credit score or review your credit report, you can go to the websites of the three major credit bureaus or utilize a third-party service that provides them.
Note that some services may require a fee to be paid. Additionally, the three major credit bureaus allow for a free credit report once yearly which can be obtained through AnnualCreditReport.com.
Building Credit with Credit Cards
Using credit cards to build credit is a popular and effective way to establish a credit history. However, if you have no prior credit, it can be difficult to get an unsecured card.
However, there is another option called a secured credit card.
With a secured credit card, your credit limit is determined by the amount you deposit upfront. The deposit amount can vary depending on the card issuer.
A minimum deposit of $200 is often required for credit cards; however, this amount is usually returnable when you close the account.
Like a regular credit card, this card can be used to make purchases, with the added necessity of making a payment before its due date; otherwise interest charges will apply.
One important factor to consider when applying for a secured credit card is that it reports payment data to all three credit bureaus, Equifax, Experian and TransUnion.
Establishing a strong credit history requires that your credit card activity be reported to all three of the major bureaus, which is used to calculate your credit score.
Another way to establish credit with credit cards is by becoming an authorized user on another person’s card.
When you become an authorized user, you’re able to make purchases, but the primary account holder is ultimately responsible for payments.
As an authorized user, you can gain from the credit history of the primary account holder.
It’s wise to check with your credit card provider to find out how they report authorized users to the credit reporting agencies.
You can also increase your credit score by setting up a joint account or taking out a loan with a co-signer. Like becoming an authorized user, having a joint account or getting someone to co-sign a loan will give you access to more credit.
Remember that when taking out a loan with a co-signer you are both responsible to make payments, and any delays or issues could reflect negatively on both your credit scores.
To build credit with credit cards, use them responsibly, stick to your budget and make sure to pay bills on time. Doing this will create a positive credit record, helping you get access to better rewards and benefits when applying for unsecured credit cards in the future.
It’s important to evaluate various credit card offers and select the one that best fits your needs.
Companies like Avant, Deserve, and Petal provide alternative credit cards without a security deposit. When selecting one, make sure to pick a secured card with a low annual fee and one that reports payment info to all three credit reporting bureaus.
Building Credit without Credit Cards
Building credit without using credit cards is possible and there are a number of options for doing so. One such option is obtaining a credit-builder loan.
Credit unions provide loan options of up to $1,000 with repayment plans that help build credit history. The lender deposits the amount borrowed into a locked savings account and you make payments over a set period to repay it.
If you make payments to credit agencies, it can help you build credit score. Plus, after the loan is repaid, the funds in the savings account will be accessible to you.
Establishing credit without credit cards can be done by making payments for regular bills like rent, phone and utilities.
Companies like Rental Kharma and RentTrack offer services that report your rent payments to credit bureaus, which helps you build up a credit history.
Before making a payment, it’s important to check with your landlord or property management company to confirm that they will report it.
Gaining credit may be possible by having an authorized user, co-signer, or joint account. These strategies could offer the potential to access established credit.
It’s important to be aware that if either you or the co-signer make untimely payments or take any negative actions, it could have a damaging effect on both of your credit scores.
Good Credit Habits
Having healthy credit habits is essential for creating and preserving a good credit score. These habits are a combination of responsible credit use, budgeting and timely payments.
One of the most important good credit habits is using credit responsibly. This means you should only borrow what you can afford to repay, and not go over your credit limit.
Having a high debt-to-credit ratio, which is the amount of debt compared to your available credit, can lower your credit score. To have a good credit score, aim to keep your credit utilization at or below 30%.
A great financial practice is forming and following a budget. Using this will help you control your expenses, monitor your expenditures and ensure that you have sufficient funds to pay off your bills promptly.
This includes paying your credit card bills and any other loans in full and on time. Paying bills late can hurt your credit score.
Regularly reviewing your credit reports and looking for mistakes is also essential. Each year, you are legally entitled to three free credit reports from the major credit bureaus. You can learn more at https://www.annualcreditreport.com/
To keep track of your credit score throughout the year, it is advisable to obtain one credit report from a different bureau every four months.
To maintain good credit, it’s best to limit the amount of credit applications you submit, as too many can bring down your score. Applying for credit can trigger a hard inquiry on your credit report, which may lead to a decrease in your credit score.
To have a good credit rating, it is important to adopt responsible credit practices.
Staying within your means, establishing a budget, being timely with payments, monitoring your credit history, and avoiding excessive inquiries into your credit score are all important habits to maintain.
Practicing these habits will not only create a solid credit history but also preserve it over the long run.
Building credit can be overwhelming, but with the right information and resources, it is feasible to create a solid credit history. Knowing about credit scores and the factors that affect them is an important stage of establishing credit.
Establishing credit can be achieved through applying for a secured credit card, acting as an authorized user, creating a joint account or taking out a loan with a co-signer.
You can build credit without using credit cards by taking out credit-builder loans, making rent or utility payments, or getting a co-signed loan.
To have a good credit score, it’s very important to practice good credit habits such as using credit wisely, budgeting, making payments on time and regularly reviewing your credit report.
Building up your credit takes effort and time, but with the right steps you can set yourself up for financial success by developing a good credit history.
Repair Your Credit, Build New Credit. It’s Your Money.